Dry Eye

Dry eye disease is a common condition that occurs when your tears aren't able to provide adequate lubrication for your eyes.

Signs and Symptoms:
Treatment:

Treatment

 

For most people it's enough to regularly use over-the-counter eyedrops (artificial tears). If your symptoms are persistent an appointment is indicated.

Some treatments focus on reversing or managing a condition or factor that's causing your dry eyes. Other treatments can improve your tear quality or stop your tears from quickly draining away from your eyes.

Treating the underlying cause of dry eyes

In some cases, treating an underlying health issue can help clear up the signs and symptoms of dry eyes. For instance a different medication that doesn't cause dry eye may be needed.

If you have an eyelid condition this can be repaired.

Medications

Prescription medications used to treat dry eyes include:

  • Drugs to reduce eyelid inflammation. Inflammation along the edge of your eyelids can keep oil glands from secreting oil into your tears. Your doctor may recommend antibiotics to reduce inflammation. Antibiotics for dry eyes are usually taken by mouth, though some are used as eyedrops or ointments.

  • Eyedrops to control cornea inflammation. Inflammation may be controlled with prescription eyedrops that contain the immune-suppressing medication such as resasis, xiidra or corticosteroids.

  • Closing your tear ducts to reduce tear loss. Your doctor may suggest this treatment to keep your tears from leaving your eye too quickly. This can be done by partially or completely closing your tear ducts, which normally serve to drain tears away.

  • Unblocking oil glands. Warm compresses or eye masks used daily can help clear up blocked oil glands. A lipiflow treatment in the office.

 

Selecting and using OTC products for dry eye

  • Preservative vs. nonpreservative drops.  You can use eyedrops with preservatives up to four times a day.

Nonpreservative eyedrops come in single-use vials. After you use a vial, you throw it away.

  • Drops vs. ointments. Ointments are longer lasting relief from dry eyes. They can cloud your vision and are used at bedtime. Eyedrops can be used any time with little bluring.

  • Drops that reduce redness. Avoid using.

Washing your eyelids to control inflammation

For people with blepharitis and other conditions that cause eyelid inflammation that blocks the flow of oil to the eye, frequent and gentle eyelid washing may help. It is best to use a commercial cleanser such as blephadex wipes.

  • Fatty acids. Adding omega-3 fatty acids to your diet may help relieve dry eye signs and symptoms. These are available as supplements and in foods such as flaxseed, salmon and sardines. Special Dry vitamins are available in the office.

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Monday
7:30 am - 4:00 pm
Tuesday
7:30 am - 4:30 pm
Wednesday
7:30 am - 4:30 pm
Thursday
7:30 am - 4:30 pm
Friday
7:30 am - 3:00 pm
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